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Zhongwan CV12 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precautions

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Zhongwan CV12 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precautions

Zhongwan CV12 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precautions
September 20
13:48 2018
Zhongwan-CV12

Zhongwan-CV12

Nomenclature:

Zhong: middle wan: stomach
Zhongwan is over the middle of the stomach.

English name/ meaning: Central Stomach
Chinese name: 中脘
Chinese pinyin: Zhongwan
Korean name: Chung-wan
Japanese name: Chukan
Vietnamese name: Trungquan
French Name: Tchong-koann (Tchong-oann)

Functions of Zhongwan:

  • Harmonize Stomach (Descends stomach qi, Both excess and deficiency type stomach problems).
  • Tonifies spleen and transforms dampness (Deficiency syndromes).
  • Clams Shen / spirit.

Location:

Zhongwan is 4 cun above the umbilicus, or midway between the umbilicus and the xiphisternal symphysis.

Indication:

  • Zhongwan is the main point for stomach diseases: stomachache, abdominal distension, diarrhoea, vomiting, regurgitation of acid, hiccups, poor appetite, Jaundice.
  • Psychosis, epilepsy.

Method:

Puncture perpendicularly 1-1.5 cun.

Remarks:

  • Front-Mu Point of the Stomach.
  • Crossing Point of Small Intestine, Triple Energizer, Stomach channel and Conception vessel
  • One of the Eight Influential Points (Fu-organs Convergence).
  • Great point for moxibustion.

Precautions:

In thin patients, deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity.

Special Note:

As the origin of the post-natal qi, the Stomach (and Spleen) is considered to play a central role among the zangfu organs, transforming and distributing the essence of food and drink throughout the body. For this reason, the Stomach may be said to dominate fu.

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