Gallbladder Channel of Foot – An Introduction

Gallbladder Channel of Foot
Gallbladder Channel of Foot

Gallbladder Channel of Foot Shaoyang 足少阳胆经

The Gallbladder Channel of foot Shaoyang originates from the outer canthus ascends to the corner of the forehead, and then descends to the posterior of the ear. Descending further along the neck to the shoulder, it enters the supraclavicular fossa. One branch emerges from behind the ear and enters the ear, re-emerging in front of the ear and then reaching the posterior aspect of the outer canthus. Another branch starts from the outer canthus, descends to the Daying (ST 5) and ascends to the infraorbital regions, passing near Jiache (ST 6) and descending along the neck where it joins the previous branch at the supraclavicular fossa. From there, it further descends into the chest, crosses the diaphragm to connect with the liver and pertain to the gallbladder. It then travels along the inside of the hypochondriac region to reach the femoral artery in the inguinal region, curving along the margin of the pubic hair and running transversely into the hip region. The straight branch of the channel descends from the supraclavicular fossa to the hip joint to meet the previous branch passing through the axillary region, the lateral side of the chest and the free ends of the floating ribs. It continues down the lateral aspect of the thigh and knee, descending along the anterior aspect of the fibula to reach the anterior aspect of the lateral malleolus. It then follows the dorsum of the foot to end on the lateral side of the tip of the 4th toe. One branch on the dorsum of the foot splits up and proceeds between the I st and 2nd metatarsal bones toward the tip of the big toe, then through nail of the big toe, ending at the hairy region of big toe, where it connects with the liver channel of Foot-Jueyin.

Indications: Disorders of the lateral sides of the head, eyes, ears, throat; Mental illness, Febrile disease and the conditions along the pathway.

Gallbladder Channel of Foot with name and location:

No.     Name            Location
GB 1Tongziliao

瞳子髎

Beside the outer canthus, in the depression on the lateral side of the orbital margin.
 

GB 2

 

Tinghui 听会

In front of the intertragic notch, on the posterior border of the condylar process of the mandible in the depression when the mouth is open.
GB 3Shanghuan

上关

In front of the ear , directly above xiaguan(ST7), in the depression on the upper border of the zygomatic arch.
GB 4Hanyan 颔厌At the junction of the upper ¼ and lower ¾ of the arc connecting touwei(ST8) and qubin(GB7).
GB 5Xuánlu 悬颅On the midpoint of the arc connecting Touwei (ST 8) and  qubin(GB7).
 

GB 6

 

Xuánli 悬厘

At the junction of the upper 3/4 and lower 1/4 of the curved line connecting Touwei (ST 8) and Qubin (GB 7)
 

GB 7

 

Qubin

On the junction of the vertical line on the posterior border of the pre-auricular hairline level with the apex of the ear
GB 8Shuaigu 率谷1.5 cun from the apex of the ear straight into the hairline
 

GB 9

Tianchong

天冲

2 cun from the posterior border of the ear straight into the hairline, 0.5 cun posterior to Shuaigu (GB 8)
 

GB10

 

Fubai 浮白

At the junction of the central 1/3 and upper 1/3 of the curved line connecting Tianchong(GB 9) and Wangbu(GB 12).
 

GB11

Touqiaoyin

头窍阴

At the junction of the middle 1/3 and lower 1/3 of the arc connecting  Tianchong(GB 9) and Wanggu (GB12)
GB12Wanggu 完骨In the depression posterior and inferior to the mastoid process
 

GB13

 

Benshen 本神

0.5 cun within the anterior hairline, 3 cun lateral to shenting( GV 24) at the junction of the inner 2/3 and lateral 1/3 of the curved line connecting shenting (GV 24) and touwei (ST 8)
 

GB14

 

Yangbai 阳白

Directly above the pulils when the eyes are looking straight ahead, 1 cun superior to the eyebrow.
 

GB15

Toulingqi

头临泣

Directly above the pupils when the eyes are looking straight ahead, 0.5cun within the anterior hairline, at the midpoint of the line connecting Shenting(GV24) and Touwei(ST8)
GB16Muchuang

目窗

1.5 cun within the anterior hairline, 2.25 cun lateral to the midline of the head
GB17Zhengying

正营

2.5 cun within the anterior hairline, 2.25 cun lateral to the midline of the head
GB18Chengling

承灵

4  cun within the anterior hairline, 2.25 cun lateral to the midline of the head
 

GB19

 

Naokong 脑空

On the lateral side of the superior border of the external occipital protrberance, 2.5 cun lateral to the midline of the head.
 

 

GB20

 

 

Fengchi 凤池

In the depression between the upper portion of   m.sternocleidomestoideus and m.trapezius, and the level with Fengfu(GV16).

 

 

GB21

 

Jianjing 肩井

Midpoint linking the line between Dazhui(GV14) and the shoulder acromion.
 

GB22

 

Yuanye 渊腋

On the axillary line , 3 cun below the axilla, in the 4th intercostals space.
GB23Zhejin 辄筋1 cun anterior to yuanye(GB 22) , at the level of the nipple, in the 4th intercostals space.
GB24Riyue 日月Directly below the nipple, 4 cun lateral to the anterior midline, in the 7th intercostal space.
 

GB25

 

Jingmen 京门

1.8 cun posterior to zhangmen (LR 13), on the inferior free end of the 12th rib.
 

GB26

 

Daimai 带脉

1.8 cun posterior to Zhangmen(LR13), at the junction of the vertical line of the free end of the 11th rib and the horizontal line of the umbilicus.
 

GB27

 

Wushu 五枢

Anterior to the superior iliac spine, level with 3 cun below the umbilicus.
 

GB28

 

Weidao 维道

Anterior and inferior to the superior iliac spine , 0.5 cun anterior and inferior  to Wushu(GB 27).
 

GB29

 

Juliao 居髎

On the midpoint of the line linking anterior-superior iliac spine and the prominence of the greater trochanter.
 

GB30

 

Huantiao 环跳

With the patient lying on the side with the upper hip and knee bent, the point is at the junction of lateral 1/3 and medial 2/3 of the line linking the prominence of greater trochanter and the sacro-coccygeal hiatus.
GB31Fengshi 风市On the midline of the lateral aspect of the thigh, 7 cun above the transverse politeal crease.
 

GB32

 

Zhongdu 中渎

2 cun inferior to Fengshi (GB 31), 5 cun superior to the popliteal crease between the vastus lateralis and biceps femoris
 

GB33

Xiyangguan 膝阳关3 cun superior to yanglianquan(GB 34) in the depression superior to the lateral epicondyle of the femur.
 

GB34

Yanglingquan 阳陵泉In the depression anterior and inferior to the small head of the fibula.

 

 

GB35

 

Yangjiao 阳交

7 cun superior to the tip of the external mallelous, on the posterior border of the fibula.
 

GB36

 

Waiqiu 外丘

7 cun superior to the tip of the external mallelous, on the anterior  border of the fibula, level with Yangjiao (GB 35).
 

GB37

Guangming

光明

5 cun above the tip of the external malleolus, on the anterior border of the fibula.

 

 

GB38

 

Yangfu 阳辅

4 cun above the tip of the external malleolus, on the anterior border of the fibula.

 

 

GB39

 

Xuanzhong

悬钟

3 cun above the tip of the external malleolus, on the posterior border of the fibula.

 

 

GB40

 

Qiuxu 丘墟

Anterior and inferior to the external malleolus, in the depression on the lateral side of the tendon of m.extensor digitorum longus.

 

 

GB41

 

Zulinqi

足临泣

In the depression distal to the junction of the 4th and 5th metatarsal bones, on the lateral side of the tendon of the extensor digiti minimi of the foot.
 

GB42

 

Diwuhui

地五会

In the depression distal to the junction of the 4th and 5th metatarsal bones, on the medial side of tendon of  the extensor digitorum longus.
 

GB43

 

Xiaxi 侠溪

Between the 4th toe and little toe , proximal to the margin of the web, at the  junction of the red and white skin
 

GB44

 

Zuqiaoyin

足窍阴

Headache, tinnitus, deafness, redness, swelling and pain in the eye, inflammation of the throat,  distending pain in the chest and hypochondriac region, swelling and pain in the dorsum of the foot.

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.