Jiuwei CV15: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precaution



Jiu: turtledove Wei:tail
Jiuwei CV15 lies below the xiphoid process of the sternum which looks like a turtledove’s tail. The name arises from the anatomy of the chest, the sternum being said to resemble the back of a turtledove, the ribs its feathers and the xiphoid process its tail.
Point: CV15
Chinese Name:鸠尾
Pinyin: jiū wěi
English Name/Meaning: Bird Tail
Han Geul 한글: gu mi 구미
Romaji: kyū bi?
Vietnamese:Cưu vĩ


On the anterior midline, 1 cun inferior to the sternocostal angle or 7 cun superior to the umbilicus.

Functions of CV15:

  • Transforms Phlegm in the Heart so can be used when there is hysteria, mania, and intolerance of noise.
  • Expands and relaxes the chest.
  • Calms the spirit.

Indications of CV15 Jiuwei:

  • Anxiety, worry, fears, obsessions arising from yin deficiency.
  • Feelings of oppression in the chest.
  • Emotional vulnerability.
  • Abdominal itching from emptiness of the Connecting channel of Ren mai.
  • Pain in the abdomen from fullness of the Connecting vessel.


Oblique insertion directed inferiorly 0.5 to 1 cun.


  • Luo connecting point of conception vessel. The luo-connecting channel of Ren mai leaves the Ren channel at the inferior border of the sternum at REN 15 and spreads over the abdomen.
  • Important point for calming.


  • Deep insertion, especially in thin subjects, may damage the left lobe of the liver or the heart if either is enlarged,
  • Oblique superior insertion towards the heart is contraindicated in all cases.

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.