Shangwan CV13: Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precaution



Shang: Superior Wan: Stomach
Shangwan CV13 lies over the upper portion of the stomach.
Point: CV13
Chinese Name: 上脘
Pinyin: shàng wǎn [or shàng guǎn]
English Name/Meaning: Upper Epigastrium
Han Geul 한글: sang wan 상완
Romaji: jo kan
Vietnamese:Thượng quản


On the anterior midline, 5 cun above the umbilicus.

Functions of shangwan:

  • Regulates stomach.
  • Transforms phlegm turbidity.
  • Calms heart and spirit.


  • Digestive disorders: Stomachache, distension, gastritis, nausea, vomiting, hiccup, bleching, morning sickness.
  • Psycho-emotional disorders: mania-depression, epilepsy


  • Insert perpendicularly 0.8 to 1.5 cun.
  • Caution: in thin patients deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity


Meeting point of conception vessel, stomach and spleen meridian.


Deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity.

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.