Zhongwan CV12 : Nomenclature, Location, Functions, Indications, Method, Precautions



Zhong: middle wan: stomach
Zhongwan is over the middle of the stomach.

English name/ meaning: Central Stomach
Chinese name: 中脘
Chinese pinyin: Zhongwan
Korean name: Chung-wan
Japanese name: Chukan
Vietnamese name: Trungquan
French Name: Tchong-koann (Tchong-oann)

Functions of Zhongwan:

  • Harmonize Stomach (Descends stomach qi, Both excess and deficiency type stomach problems).
  • Tonifies spleen and transforms dampness (Deficiency syndromes).
  • Clams Shen / spirit.


Zhongwan is 4 cun above the umbilicus, or midway between the umbilicus and the xiphisternal symphysis.


  • Zhongwan is the main point for stomach diseases: stomachache, abdominal distension, diarrhoea, vomiting, regurgitation of acid, hiccups, poor appetite, Jaundice.
  • Psychosis, epilepsy.


Puncture perpendicularly 1-1.5 cun.


  • Front-Mu Point of the Stomach.
  • Crossing Point of Small Intestine, Triple Energizer, Stomach channel and Conception vessel
  • One of the Eight Influential Points (Fu-organs Convergence).
  • Great point for moxibustion.


In thin patients, deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity.

Special Note:

As the origin of the post-natal qi, the Stomach (and Spleen) is considered to play a central role among the zangfu organs, transforming and distributing the essence of food and drink throughout the body. For this reason, the Stomach may be said to dominate fu.

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali

Dr. Ishwar Gyawali is Consultant Acupuncturist and Ayurveda Physician from Kathmandu, Nepal. He had completed BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery), a five and half year course on Ayurveda Medicine from Kirtipur Campus affiliated to Tribhuvan University ,Institute Of Medicine, Nepal under scholarship in 2011. He had completed his MD in TCM from Nanjing University Of Chinese Medicine in 2016 under scholarship of Ministry of Education, Nepal. With an experience of Serving for Government of Nepal for 2 years and private practise for more than 5 years, he has sound knowledge in Ayurveda as well as Chinese Medicine. He is a registered Doctor in NAMC (Nepal Ayurveda Medical Council ) both as a physician as well as TCM/Acupuncture Specialist.

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